Those who are sexually active should be knowledgeable about the risk of sexually transmitted disease. Learning about the risks, taking precautions to prevent disease and knowing your options when it comes to treatment will help you to protect yourself and maintain your sexual health.
What Are STDs?
Sexually transmitted diseases are some of the most common diseases. They are transmitted through sexual intercourse or through contact with the blood of someone who has the disease already. The most common way that the diseases are spread is through vaginal, oral or anal sexual intercourse. However, the diseases can also be spread through blood. This can occur when sharing needles for intravenous drugs. STDS are serious diseases that should not be treated lightly.
HPV And Venereal Warts
HPV or human papillomavirus is a disease that causes warts to form on the skin’s surface. The disease is caused by contact with an individual who is already infected with HPV. This can occur through sexual intercourse, contact with the genital area and through bodily fluids.The disease can be spread through contact with the skin, condoms are not completely effective in preventing HPV. Venereal warts are the main symptom; however the warts may not show up immediately or at all meaning that someone who is infected may not even be aware.
The disease is extremely common in those who are sexually active. Around twenty million individuals have HPV and many don’t know or haven’t been diagnosed by a physician. Those who are at high risk for contracting the disease include individuals who start having sexual intercourse at a young age, those who have many sexual partners and those who have a partner who has had many other sexual partners.
Often those who contract the disease will never be aware of the fact. Usually the individual will be clear of the disease within a couple of years and show no signs of ever having been infected. However in more rare cases the disease can lead to cervical issues which can develop into cancer. Abstinence is the only sure way to avoid infection. There is also a vaccine for girls and young women (ages 10-25) that will help prevent the disease.
Preventing Sexually Transmitted Disease
Abstinence is the only one hundred percent effective way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases. However when an
individual is sexually active there are steps that can be taken to protect against disease. Condoms are obviously the first step that individuals take when preventing disease. When used correctly condoms are usually effective. However it should be noted that this is not always an effective form of protection and in some cases, condoms will not protect against disease.
To further protect yourself, get vaccinated against disease. There are vaccinations against HPV and a series of vaccinations to prevent hepatitis B. Any individual who is sexually active should also be sure to get tested to find out if he or she has been infected with any sexually transmitted diseases. You should before engaging in sexual intercourse with a new partner be sure that he or she has also been tested.
Treatment For Sexually Transmitted Diseases
While there are ways to prevent disease, these methods are not always effective. It’s important to know what the options are for treatment. First understand that sexually transmitted diseases are serious, contagious, the cause of further future health issues and something that should be addressed and treated as soon as possible.
Bacterial diseases can be treated with the use of antibiotics. These diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis and chlamydia, can be treated if medical attention is sought. If you find that you’ve been infected with the disease it’s important to notify sexual partners that they should also seek medical attention immediately to prevent further spreading of the disease.
Other STDS are viral. In cases of diseases such as gential herpes there is no cure. However, after being diagnosed a physician will be able to prescribe medications and treatments to keep the disease under control. Symptoms can be lessened and if problems persist, other treatment options can be discussed. Medical attention should always be sought out immediately after symptoms appear to ensure that diseases are taken care of by a professional.